WINE & VINEYARD

OF LAND AND MEN:
“BANDOL” PASSION THROUGHOUT THE CENTURIES

In the 6th century B.C., the Phocaeans landed on the shore of Provence, in a place where they later founded their colony of Torroeis. Along with their amphoras, they brought the civilization of vine and wine.
Under the Roman Empire, Torroeis became Torroentrum. Located in the vicinity of the village of Le Castellet, the vineyard clung to the hillside with vines planted in terraced rows, just as it can be seen today.
This privileged site provided ideal conditions for the rapid development of vine growing, one of the most important economic activities in the ancient world. There started the history of Bandol wine…

The terroir in those days was the same as it is today, lying within limits marked by the geological barriers of the Gros Cerveau mountain to the south, the Mont Caume to the east and the Massif de la Sainte-Baume to the north, with the Gulf of Bandol as a natural outlet to the sea.

The development of maritime trade, together with the skill of enterprising wine growers brought early fame to what was going to become Bandol wine. The ability of wine to travel by sea was at the origin of the port of Bandol. Later, a deep-water harbour was constructed especially for this trade.

The Bandol vineyard acreage reached its highest point around 1870. But the vines were destroyed by the terrible phylloxera epidemic and centuries of hard work were ruined.

To restore the vineyard, the wine growers chose the grape varieties best suited to the terroir, giving preference to those that were traditionally grown in the area. In particular, the Mourvèdre – the “King Grape” of Bandol – made the revival and perpetuation of vine growing possible in this region.

Thanks to a handful of clear-minded and determined wine growers, among which Countess Portalis, Messrs de Pissy, Peyraud, Roethlisberger, and a few others, a quality-oriented policy was initiated.

This demand for quality made Bandol a precursor in the AOC system of regulation.

From then on, the Bandol wine growers have constantly been striving for quality.
Proud of their unanimity of views and fortified by their diversity, they are heirs to a constantly evolving heritage.
© VINS DE BANDOL 2019 & Administration identification GEMEA Interactive